Kerala with 23 universities has the highest number of female teachers and students in colleges in the country. Thanks to the remarkable performance of women of Kerala in the higher education sector, the National Survey on Higher Education 2020-21shows that Kerala is the state with more female teachers and more female students than male students in colleges.
As per the survey, Kerala ranks 10th among the states with the highest number of colleges in the country. Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of colleges in the country followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Telangana.
Kerala ranks 3rd among the states with the highest number of colleges for 100,000 people in the age group of 18-23. The number of colleges in Kerala is 50 per 1 lakh. Karnataka ranks first with 62 colleges per 1 lakh and Telangana ranks second with 53 colleges.
The survey says out of 43,796 colleges in the country, 8,903 are government colleges, 5,658 are private aided colleges, and 27,039 are private unaided colleges. In 2020-21, 70 universities and 1,453 colleges were newly opened in the country. The survey report pointed out that while the majority of the colleges run only degree-level programs, 2.9 percent of colleges run PhD programs and 55.2 percent of colleges run postgraduate programs. The number of college teachers in the country is 15,51,070 and among them 42.9 percent are women.
Kerala also has 0.53 lakh students studying polytechnic courses. Tamil Nadu with 92% is the state with the highest number of female students in teacher training institutes followed by Kerala with 80.2%. Kerala ranks fifth (7.8%) among the states providing distance education.