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Kerala to embrace adaptive intelligent traffic control system on roads

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Kerala is all set to overhaul its traffic signalling system across the state by implementing an adaptive intelligent traffic control system utilising machine learning algorithms and artificial intelligence. The revolutionary move is aimed at regulating the flow of vehicles in a scientific and data-driven manner to alleviate congestion, enhance safety and streamline transportation across the state.

Kerala Development and Innovation Strategic Council (KDISC) has initiated steps to implement the project in a time-bound manner. A pilot project will be implemented at Neeramankara four-arm Junction in Thiruvananthapuram district.

Officials said the KDISC has invited proposals from startups in the state for developing low-cost camera-based adaptive intelligent traffic control systems which will use advanced technology, including artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms, to dynamically respond to changing traffic conditions in real-time.

“The traditional traffic control systems are based on pre-set timing, which has become ineffective due to fluctuating traffic patterns. The adaptive traffic control system adapts to the current traffic situation ensuring optimal traffic flow and reducing bottlenecks,” said an officer.

The intelligent traffic control system will leverage real-time data from various sources such as traffic sensors, surveillance cameras, and GPS, to analyse the volume, speed, and density of vehicles on the roads. It then adjusts traffic signal timings accordingly, prioritising busy intersections and dynamically allocating green signal times to different directions based on the observed traffic patterns.

As per the document prepared by KDISC, “without an appropriate traffic control system, the possibility of traffic congestion will be very high and hinder people’s life. Most traffic control systems are still using stand-alone systems, where each traffic light intersection has been determined by an officer. This causes the traffic signal unable to adapt to the traffic density, which often leads to the accumulation of vehicles and traffic congestion. Traffic congestion causes various negative impacts, including loss of productive time and manpower, waste of fuel, late delivery of goods, pollution, and so on. A possible solution to reduce traffic congestion is by implementing an adaptive traffic control system.”

Once the pilot project is successful, the Kerala government will extend the project in a phased manner across the state.

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